Our Collaborative Economy #2
from P2P Foundation.net 2012 enhanced by Peter/CXO Wiz4biz 10/13
Chapter 3: Hybrid Approaches. We look at two of the new ‘diagonal’ or ‘hybrid’ approaches. These hybrids combine entrepreneurship with more horizontal participation, and deepen of the mutualization of both skills and materials. In the case of crowd-sourcing, firms appeal to the crowd for both creative/innovative input and for more service-oriented tasks; we try to make sense of this complex ecology. We also look at the emergence of collaborative consumption, in which physical resources & services are mutualized, in order to mobilize under-utilized idle resources. Practices of mutualization characteristic to collaborative consumption also to render existing services more ecologically efficient, as for example in car sharing. We are witnessing a more profound shift: from ownership to access: this is, access to a wide variety of services. We look at the new possibilities for (dis)intermediation that it generates, but also at the peer to peer marketplaces that it enables.
Chapter 4: Radical Community-centric Production methods, for example, the emergence of commons-based peer production, where participating firms have to adapt more stringently to the rules & norms of the initiating communities. After defining peer production, we look at the various ways in which community & corporate dynamics inter-penetrate, to create a dynamic field of hybrid economies. We also look at the cultural penetration of these new practices and the current shift of their reach from the more immaterial creation of knowledge & code, to actual physical production through the sharing of designs, as is emerging in the fields of open hardware & distributed manufacturing.
Chapter 5: Infra-structural Under-pinnings which enable the new forms of distributed production. These range from the very material development of personal fabrication & 3D printing machines,culminating in new possibilities for micro-factories, but also distributed funding, new accounting & metric systems to measure distributed development, and new hybrid legal forms. These new hybrid legal forms integrate for-profit and non-profit motives, with more potential to generate contributing communities.
Chapter 6: Open & Community-based Business & Monetization models. It answers the crucial question of financial sustainability in the absence of strong IP-based rent income. [for more info, see the Report below]
Report: A Synthetic Overview of the Collaborative Economy. By Michel Bauwens, Nicolas Mendoza & Franco Iacomella, et al. Orange Labs & P2P Foundation, 2012.
Comments: What do you think? Is there anything you could add?